Acute heart failure can be defined as a life threatening circumstance that requires immediate and appropriate treatment in order to save life. There are various reasons that may cause heart attack. Some of the most common causes of heart failure include myocardial infraction and other types of ischemic heart disease. The causes also include valvular heart disease, hypertension and cardiomyopathy. The treatment of heart disease is rapidly changing and thus new therapies for acute heart failure treatment are being introduced to save more lives from these massive cardio attacks.
Failure of heart is a critical condition that is generally observed in patients who are already suffering from chronic heart diseases. Patients who are suffering from myocardial infraction mostly suffer from acute chest pain and patients who have severe heart failure, presents symptoms like acute breathlessness and various other symptoms. Symptoms may vary from one patient to another. But, the good news is that the advanced medical science has invented different therapies and treatments to cure even severe heart failure.
There are four main factors that cause severe heart failure. There factors are myocardial injury, congestion, comorbidities and renal dysfunction. The acute heart disease management requires immediate treatment of these factors in order to achieve successful results. In most of the cases the important focus is given to congestion or fluid filling in the lung. But researches have found that another factor for heart failures can be caused from myocardial injuries. It can be so fatal that sometimes congestion can be a secondary issue for heart failure.
When heart fails to function properly, it loses its natural ability to pump blood from the lungs and circulate it in the peripheral blood circulation. At this stage, the lung gets filled with a kind of fluid that results to blockage of oxygen uptake. This causes massive deterioration of the pumping function of heart. As the pumping function of heart slows down the patient suffers from breathlessness and acute chest pain.
This severe condition requires immediate medical attention. In its primary stage of treatment the fluid needs to be removed from the lungs in order to regularize oxygen uptake. This stage of acute heart attack requires different drugs and maximal treatment. Even though maximum treatments are done with conventional drugs that help in urine excretion resulting in fluid loss, the fluid can keep growing resulting to acute suffocation and breathlessness for the patient.
While treating a patient with heart failure, comorbidities are a very crucial factor that should be considered. This may include hypertension, coronary artery disease, atrial fibrillation and uncontrolled diabetes. Comorbidities may cause congestion and haemodynamic instability. If the patient is suffering from even a minor renal dysfunction or cardiorenal syndrome, he should be treated for heart failure. A minor abnormality may result into pathophysiology.
Congestion is considered to be the most common cause for the heart failure that may happen from chronic heart disease, dietary indiscretion and incompliant medicines. Acute heart failure guidelines provide conventional and advanced medical treatments for heart attacks. Sometimes tension and irregular food habits become the primary cause of heart failure. However healthy diet, proper exercises and a lot of rest can help keep a constant check on your heart.